Infografikk om emosjonell mishandling


Abajobir, A. A. et al. (2017). Childhood Maltreatment and Young Adulthood Hallucinations, Delusional Experiences, and Psychosis: A Longitudinal Study. Schizophrenia Bulletin 43(5), 1045-1055. Doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbw175.

Ali, A. et al. (2000). Emotional abuse, self-blame, and self-silencing in women with irritable bowel syndrome. Psychosomatic Medicine 62(1), 76-82.

Bierer, L. M. et al. (2003). Abuse and Neglect in Childhood: Relationship to Personality Disorder Diagnoses. CNS Spectrums 8(10), 737-754. Doi: 10.1017/S1092852900019118.

Bradford, K. et al. (2012). Association Between Early Adverse Life Events and Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology 10(4), 385-390. Doi:  10.1016/j.cgh.2011.12.018.

Briere, J. & Runtz, M. (1990). Differential adult symptomatology associated with three types of child abuse histories. Child Abuse & Neglect 14(3), 357-364. Doi: 10.1016/0145-2134(90)90007-G.

Brown, R. J., Schrag, A., & Trimble, M. R. (2005). Dissociation, Childhood Interpersonal Trauma, and Family Functioning in Patients with Somatization Disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry 162(5), 899-905. Doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.162.5.899.

Brunner, R., Parzer, P., Schuld, V., & Resch, F. (2000). Dissociative symptomatology and traumatogenic factors in adolescent psychiatric patients. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 188(2), 71-77.

Carr, C. P., Martins, C. M. S., Stingel, A. M., Lemgruber, V. B., & Juruena, M. F. (2013). The Role of Early Life Stress in Adult Psychiatric Disorders: A Systematic Review According to Childhood Trauma Subtypes. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 201(12), 1007-1020. Doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000049.

Cohen, J. R., Menon, S. V., Shorey, R. C., Le, V. D., & Temple, J. R. (2017). The distal consequences of physical and emotional neglect in emerging adults: A person-centered, multi-wave, longitudinal study. Child Abuse & Neglect 63, 151-161. Doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2016.11.030.

Devanarayana, N. M. et al. (2014). Association Between Functional Gastrointestinal Diseases and Exposure to Abuse in Teenagers. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 60(5), 386-392. Doi: 10.1093/tropej/fmu035.

Etain, B. et al. (2010). Preferential association between childhood emotional abuse and bipolar disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress 23(3), 376-383. Doi: 10.1002/jts.20532.

Hart, S. N., Brassard, M. R., Binggeli, N. J., & Davidson, H. A. (2002). Psychological Maltreatment. I J. E. B. Myers et al. (Red.), The APSAC Handbook on Child Maltreatment (2. Utgave). (ss. 79-105). London: Sage Publications Ltd.

Hund, A. R. & Espelage, D. L. (2006). Childhood emotional abuse and disordered eating among undergraduate females: Mediating influence of alexithymia and distress. Child Abuse & Neglect 30(4), 393-407. Doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2005.11.003.

Hymowitz, G., Salwen, J., & Salis, K. L. (2017). A mediational model of obesity related disordered eating: The roles of childhood emotional abuse and self-perception. Eating Behaviors 26, 27-32. Doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2016.12.010.

Johnson, J. K. (2007). The prevalence of emotional abuse in gynaecology patients and its association with gynaecological symptoms. European Journal of Obsterics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 133(1), 95-99. Doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2006.04.035.

Kraan, T. C. et al. (2017). The effect of childhood adversity on 4-year outcome in individuals at ultra high risk for psychosis in the Dutch Early Detection Intervention Evaluation (EDIE-NL) Trial. Psychiatry Research 247, 55-62. Doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.11.014.

Krüger, C. & Fletcher, L. (2017). Predicting a dissociative disorder from type of childhood maltreatment and abuser–abused relational tie. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation 18(3), 356-372. Doi: 10.1080/15299732.2017.1295420.

Kucukgoncu, S., Ornek, F. Y., Cabalar, M., Bestepe, E., & Yayla, V. (2014). Childhood trauma and dissociation in tertiary care patients with migraine and tension type headache: A controlled study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 77(1), 40-44. Doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2014.04.007.

Lee, Y. (2010). Fibromyalgia and childhood abuse: Exploration of stress reactivity as a developmental mediator. Developmental Review 30(3), 294-307. Doi: 10.1016/j.dr.2010.03.009.

Lochner, C. et al. (2002). Childhood trauma in obsessive-compulsive disorder, trichotillomania, and controls. Depression and Anxiety: The Official Journal of ADAA 15(2), 66-68. Doi: 10.1002/da.10028.

Mandelli, L., Petrelli, C., & Serretti, A. (2015). The role of specific early trauma in adult depression: A meta-analysis of published literature. Childhood trauma and adult depression. European Psychiatry: The Journal of the European Psychiatric Association 30(6), 665-680. Doi: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2015.04.007.

Mathews, C. A., Kaur, N., & Stein, M. B. (2007). Childhood trauma and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Depression and Anxiety: The Official Journal of ADAA 25(9), 742-751. Doi: 10.1002/da.20316.

McCord, J. (1983). A forty year perspective on effects of child abuse and neglect. Child Abuse & Neglect 7(3), 265-270. Doi: 10.1016/0145-2134(83)90003-0.

Myhre, M. C., Thoresen, S., & Hjemdal, O. K. (2015). Vold og voldtekt i oppveksten: En nasjonal intervjuundersøkelse av 16- og 17-åringer. Oslo: Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter om vold og traumatisk stress.

Naughton, A. M. et al. (2013). Emotional, Behavioral, and Developmental Features Indicative of Neglect or Emotional Abuse in Preschool Children: A Systematic Review. JAMA Pediatrics 167(8), 769-775. Doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.192.

Neziroglu, F., Khemlani-Patel, S., & Yaryura-Tobias, J. A. (2006). Rates of abuse in body dysmorphic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Body Image 3(2), 189-193. Doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2006.03.001.

Norman, R. E. et al. (2012). The Long-Term Health Consequences of Child Physical Abuse, Emotional Abuse, and Neglect: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. PLOS Medicine 9(11), e1001349. Doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001349.

Palmier-Claus, J. E., Berry, K., Bucci, S., Mansell, W., & Varese, F. (2016). Relationship between childhood adversity and bipolar affective disorder: systematic review and meta-analysis. The British Journal of Psychiatry 209(6), 454-459. Doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.115.179655.

Philips, E. M. et al. (2015). Stressful Life Events in Children with Functional Defecation Disorders. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 61(4), 384-392. Doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000000882.

Polk, E. & Liss, M. (2007). Psychological characteristics of self-injurious behavior. Personality and Individual Differences 43(3), 567-577. Doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2007.01.003.

Proenca, I. C. G. F., Castro, L. H. M., Jorge, C. L., & Marchetti, R. L. (2011). Emotional trauma and abuse in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures. Epilepsy & Behavior 20(2), 331-333. Doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2010.11.015.

Rajindrajith, S. et al. (2014). Association Between Child Maltreatment and Constipation: A School-Based Survey Using Rome III Criteria. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 58(4), 486-490. Doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000000249.

Rajindrajith, S., Devanarayana, N. M., & Benninga, M. A. (2016). Fecal Incontinence in Adolescents Is Associated with Child Abuse, Somatization, and Poor Health-related Quality of Life. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 62(5), 698-703. Doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000001006.

Rasmussen, I., Strøm, S., Sverdrup, S., & Vennemo, H. (2012). Samfunnsøkonomiske kostnader av vold i nære relasjoner (Rapport 2012/41). Oslo: Vista Analyse AS.

Rutter, M. (1999). Quasi-autistic Patterns Following Severe Early Global Privation. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 40(4), 537-549. Doi: 10.1111/1469-7610.00472.

Shaffer, A., Yates, T. M., & Egeland, B. R. (2009). The relation of emotional maltreatment to early adolescent competence: Developmental processes in a prospective study. Child Abuse & Neglect 33(1), 36-44. Doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2008.12.005.

Simeon, D., Guralnik, O., Schmeidler, J., Sirof, B., & Knutelska, M. (2001). The Role of Childhood Interpersonal Trauma in Depersonalization Disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry 158(7), 1027-1033. Doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.158.7.1027.

Taillieu, T. L., Brownridge, D. A., Sareen, J., & Afifi, T. O. (2016). Childhood emotional maltreatment and mental disorders: Results from a nationally representative adult sample from the United States. Child Abuse & Neglect 59, 1-12. Doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2016.07.005.

Thoresen, S. & Hjemdal, O. K. (2014). Vold og voldtekt i Norge: En nasjonal forekomststudie av vold i et livsløpsperspektiv. Oslo: Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter om vold og traumatisk stress.

Thoresen, S., Myhre, M., Wentzel-Larsen, T., Aakvaag, H. F., & Hjemdal, O. K. (2015). Violence against children, later victimisation, and mental health: a cross-sectional study of the general Norwegian population. European Journal of Psychotraumatology 6(1). Doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v6.26259.

Tietjen, G. E. et al. (2009). Childhood Maltreatment and Migraine (Part II): Emotional Abuse as a Risk Factor for Headache Chronification. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 50(1), 32-41. Doi: 10.1111/j.1526-4610.2009.01557.x.

Tietjen, G. E. et al. (2009). Childhood Maltreatment and Migraine (Part III):  Association With Comorbid Pain Conditions. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 50(1), 42-51. Doi: 10.1111/j.1526-4610.2009.01558.x.

Tietjen, G. E., Karmakar, M., & Amialchuk, A. A. (2016). Emotional Abuse History and Migraine Among Young Adults: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Add Health Dataset. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 57(1), 45-59. Doi: 10.1111/head.12994.

Varese, F. et al. (2012). Childhood Adversities Increase the Risk of Psychosis: A Meta-analysis of Patient-Control, Prospective- and Cross-sectional Cohort Studies. Schizophrenia Bulletin 38(4), 661-671. Doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbs050.

Wilson, R. S. et al. (2012). Emotional neglect in childhood and cerebral infarction in older age. Neurology 79(15), 1534-1539. Doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e31826e25bd.

Wright, M. O., Crawford, E., & Castillo, D. D. (2009). Childhood emotional maltreatment and later psychological distress among college students: The mediating role of maladaptive schemas. Child Abuse & Neglect 33(1), 59-68. Doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2008.12.007.

Zaky, E., Rashad, M., Elsafoury, H., & Ismail, E. (2016). Psychosocial profile of encopretic children and their caregivers in relation to parenting style. European Psychiatry: The Journal of the European Psychiatric Association 33, 448. Doi: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2016.01.1297.