Infografikk om emosjonell mishandling

Infografikk om definisjon, forekomst, og konsekvenser av emosjonell mishandling.

Emosjonell mishandling infografikk



Abajobir, A. A. et al. (2017). Childhood Maltreatment and Young Adulthood Hallucinations, Delusional Experiences, and Psychosis: A Longitudinal Study. Schizophrenia Bulletin 43(5), 1045-1055. Doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbw175.

Ali, A. et al. (2000). Emotional abuse, self-blame, and self-silencing in women with irritable bowel syndrome. Psychosomatic Medicine 62(1), 76-82.

Bierer, L. M. et al. (2003). Abuse and Neglect in Childhood: Relationship to Personality Disorder Diagnoses. CNS Spectrums 8(10), 737-754. Doi: 10.1017/S1092852900019118.

Bradford, K. et al. (2012). Association Between Early Adverse Life Events and Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology 10(4), 385-390. Doi:  10.1016/j.cgh.2011.12.018.

Briere, J. & Runtz, M. (1990). Differential adult symptomatology associated with three types of child abuse histories. Child Abuse & Neglect 14(3), 357-364. Doi: 10.1016/0145-2134(90)90007-G.

Brown, R. J., Schrag, A., & Trimble, M. R. (2005). Dissociation, Childhood Interpersonal Trauma, and Family Functioning in Patients with Somatization Disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry 162(5), 899-905. Doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.162.5.899.

Brunner, R., Parzer, P., Schuld, V., & Resch, F. (2000). Dissociative symptomatology and traumatogenic factors in adolescent psychiatric patients. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 188(2), 71-77.

Carr, C. P., Martins, C. M. S., Stingel, A. M., Lemgruber, V. B., & Juruena, M. F. (2013). The Role of Early Life Stress in Adult Psychiatric Disorders: A Systematic Review According to Childhood Trauma Subtypes. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 201(12), 1007-1020. Doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000049.

Cohen, J. R., Menon, S. V., Shorey, R. C., Le, V. D., & Temple, J. R. (2017). The distal consequences of physical and emotional neglect in emerging adults: A person-centered, multi-wave, longitudinal study. Child Abuse & Neglect 63, 151-161. Doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2016.11.030.

Devanarayana, N. M. et al. (2014). Association Between Functional Gastrointestinal Diseases and Exposure to Abuse in Teenagers. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 60(5), 386-392. Doi: 10.1093/tropej/fmu035.

Etain, B. et al. (2010). Preferential association between childhood emotional abuse and bipolar disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress 23(3), 376-383. Doi: 10.1002/jts.20532.

Hart, S. N., Brassard, M. R., Binggeli, N. J., & Davidson, H. A. (2002). Psychological Maltreatment. I J. E. B. Myers et al. (Red.), The APSAC Handbook on Child Maltreatment (2. Utgave). (ss. 79-105). London: Sage Publications Ltd.

Hund, A. R. & Espelage, D. L. (2006). Childhood emotional abuse and disordered eating among undergraduate females: Mediating influence of alexithymia and distress. Child Abuse & Neglect 30(4), 393-407. Doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2005.11.003.

Hymowitz, G., Salwen, J., & Salis, K. L. (2017). A mediational model of obesity related disordered eating: The roles of childhood emotional abuse and self-perception. Eating Behaviors 26, 27-32. Doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2016.12.010.

Johnson, J. K. (2007). The prevalence of emotional abuse in gynaecology patients and its association with gynaecological symptoms. European Journal of Obsterics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 133(1), 95-99. Doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2006.04.035.

Kraan, T. C. et al. (2017). The effect of childhood adversity on 4-year outcome in individuals at ultra high risk for psychosis in the Dutch Early Detection Intervention Evaluation (EDIE-NL) Trial. Psychiatry Research 247, 55-62. Doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.11.014.

Krüger, C. & Fletcher, L. (2017). Predicting a dissociative disorder from type of childhood maltreatment and abuser–abused relational tie. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation 18(3), 356-372. Doi: 10.1080/15299732.2017.1295420.

Kucukgoncu, S., Ornek, F. Y., Cabalar, M., Bestepe, E., & Yayla, V. (2014). Childhood trauma and dissociation in tertiary care patients with migraine and tension type headache: A controlled study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 77(1), 40-44. Doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2014.04.007.

Lee, Y. (2010). Fibromyalgia and childhood abuse: Exploration of stress reactivity as a developmental mediator. Developmental Review 30(3), 294-307. Doi: 10.1016/j.dr.2010.03.009.

Lochner, C. et al. (2002). Childhood trauma in obsessive-compulsive disorder, trichotillomania, and controls. Depression and Anxiety: The Official Journal of ADAA 15(2), 66-68. Doi: 10.1002/da.10028.

Mandelli, L., Petrelli, C., & Serretti, A. (2015). The role of specific early trauma in adult depression: A meta-analysis of published literature. Childhood trauma and adult depression. European Psychiatry: The Journal of the European Psychiatric Association 30(6), 665-680. Doi: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2015.04.007.

Mathews, C. A., Kaur, N., & Stein, M. B. (2007). Childhood trauma and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Depression and Anxiety: The Official Journal of ADAA 25(9), 742-751. Doi: 10.1002/da.20316.

McCord, J. (1983). A forty year perspective on effects of child abuse and neglect. Child Abuse & Neglect 7(3), 265-270. Doi: 10.1016/0145-2134(83)90003-0.

Myhre, M. C., Thoresen, S., & Hjemdal, O. K. (2015). Vold og voldtekt i oppveksten: En nasjonal intervjuundersøkelse av 16- og 17-åringer. Oslo: Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter om vold og traumatisk stress.

Naughton, A. M. et al. (2013). Emotional, Behavioral, and Developmental Features Indicative of Neglect or Emotional Abuse in Preschool Children: A Systematic Review. JAMA Pediatrics 167(8), 769-775. Doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.192.

Neziroglu, F., Khemlani-Patel, S., & Yaryura-Tobias, J. A. (2006). Rates of abuse in body dysmorphic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Body Image 3(2), 189-193. Doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2006.03.001.

Norman, R. E. et al. (2012). The Long-Term Health Consequences of Child Physical Abuse, Emotional Abuse, and Neglect: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. PLOS Medicine 9(11), e1001349. Doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001349.

Palmier-Claus, J. E., Berry, K., Bucci, S., Mansell, W., & Varese, F. (2016). Relationship between childhood adversity and bipolar affective disorder: systematic review and meta-analysis. The British Journal of Psychiatry 209(6), 454-459. Doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.115.179655.

Philips, E. M. et al. (2015). Stressful Life Events in Children with Functional Defecation Disorders. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 61(4), 384-392. Doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000000882.

Polk, E. & Liss, M. (2007). Psychological characteristics of self-injurious behavior. Personality and Individual Differences 43(3), 567-577. Doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2007.01.003.

Proenca, I. C. G. F., Castro, L. H. M., Jorge, C. L., & Marchetti, R. L. (2011). Emotional trauma and abuse in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures. Epilepsy & Behavior 20(2), 331-333. Doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2010.11.015.

Rajindrajith, S. et al. (2014). Association Between Child Maltreatment and Constipation: A School-Based Survey Using Rome III Criteria. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 58(4), 486-490. Doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000000249.

Rajindrajith, S., Devanarayana, N. M., & Benninga, M. A. (2016). Fecal Incontinence in Adolescents Is Associated with Child Abuse, Somatization, and Poor Health-related Quality of Life. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 62(5), 698-703. Doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000001006.

Rasmussen, I., Strøm, S., Sverdrup, S., & Vennemo, H. (2012). Samfunnsøkonomiske kostnader av vold i nære relasjoner (Rapport 2012/41). Oslo: Vista Analyse AS.

Rutter, M. (1999). Quasi-autistic Patterns Following Severe Early Global Privation. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 40(4), 537-549. Doi: 10.1111/1469-7610.00472.

Shaffer, A., Yates, T. M., & Egeland, B. R. (2009). The relation of emotional maltreatment to early adolescent competence: Developmental processes in a prospective study. Child Abuse & Neglect 33(1), 36-44. Doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2008.12.005.

Simeon, D., Guralnik, O., Schmeidler, J., Sirof, B., & Knutelska, M. (2001). The Role of Childhood Interpersonal Trauma in Depersonalization Disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry 158(7), 1027-1033. Doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.158.7.1027.

Taillieu, T. L., Brownridge, D. A., Sareen, J., & Afifi, T. O. (2016). Childhood emotional maltreatment and mental disorders: Results from a nationally representative adult sample from the United States. Child Abuse & Neglect 59, 1-12. Doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2016.07.005.

Thoresen, S. & Hjemdal, O. K. (2014). Vold og voldtekt i Norge: En nasjonal forekomststudie av vold i et livsløpsperspektiv. Oslo: Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter om vold og traumatisk stress.

Thoresen, S., Myhre, M., Wentzel-Larsen, T., Aakvaag, H. F., & Hjemdal, O. K. (2015). Violence against children, later victimisation, and mental health: a cross-sectional study of the general Norwegian population. European Journal of Psychotraumatology 6(1). Doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v6.26259.

Tietjen, G. E. et al. (2009). Childhood Maltreatment and Migraine (Part II): Emotional Abuse as a Risk Factor for Headache Chronification. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 50(1), 32-41. Doi: 10.1111/j.1526-4610.2009.01557.x.

Tietjen, G. E. et al. (2009). Childhood Maltreatment and Migraine (Part III):  Association With Comorbid Pain Conditions. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 50(1), 42-51. Doi: 10.1111/j.1526-4610.2009.01558.x.

Tietjen, G. E., Karmakar, M., & Amialchuk, A. A. (2016). Emotional Abuse History and Migraine Among Young Adults: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Add Health Dataset. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 57(1), 45-59. Doi: 10.1111/head.12994.

Varese, F. et al. (2012). Childhood Adversities Increase the Risk of Psychosis: A Meta-analysis of Patient-Control, Prospective- and Cross-sectional Cohort Studies. Schizophrenia Bulletin 38(4), 661-671. Doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbs050.

Wilson, R. S. et al. (2012). Emotional neglect in childhood and cerebral infarction in older age. Neurology 79(15), 1534-1539. Doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e31826e25bd.

Wright, M. O., Crawford, E., & Castillo, D. D. (2009). Childhood emotional maltreatment and later psychological distress among college students: The mediating role of maladaptive schemas. Child Abuse & Neglect 33(1), 59-68. Doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2008.12.007.

Zaky, E., Rashad, M., Elsafoury, H., & Ismail, E. (2016). Psychosocial profile of encopretic children and their caregivers in relation to parenting style. European Psychiatry: The Journal of the European Psychiatric Association 33, 448. Doi: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2016.01.1297.